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KSOE Research and Publication Ethics

 


 

 

Authorship of the paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.


Hazards and human or animal subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

 

 

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.

 

 

 

Ethical Codes of Research

 

for The Korean Society of Ocean Engineers [1, Nov. 2008 amended]

All members of The Korean Society of Ocean Engineers, by observing the following codes of conduct and regulations regarding research in the field, will contribute to the development of ocean engineering and the security and prosperity of the society and the nation, thus holding our honesty, reputation and authority in the highest standards.

 

A. Foundational Spirit

1. We make a contribution to mutual prosperity of mankind through ocean development, using the knowledge and technique in the field of ocean engineering.

2. We contribute to fostering the good spirit of citizenship by conducting responsible research.

3. We make efforts to enhance our authority and competitiveness as experts in ocean engineering.

 

B. Fundamental Canons

1. We consider the public security and welfare as a top priority and conform to the principle of sustainable use of ocean in conducting our research.

2. We promote professional development through performing proper research and provide young researchers with the opportunities to develop professionally.

3. We respect the public values such as honesty, accuracy, efficiency and objectivity in offering services such as providing expertise or disclosing research results.

4. We do not have unfair competitions with others and solve problems with objective information and processes when there is a clash of interests.

5. We raise common issues only through objective and fair methods.

 

C. Practical Platforms

1. We consider the public security and welfare as a top priority and conform to the principle of sustainable use of ocean in conducting our research.

(a) We must acknowledge the fact that the life, security, health and welfare of the public have an absolute reliance over our products such as structures, equipments and machines that are given thought to and made into decision by engineers.

(b) We must not propose or approve research plans which cause harm to the public health and welfare.

(c) We must conform to the principle of sustainable use of ocean to enhance the quality of the public life and endeavor to improve the ocean environment.

 

2. We promote professional development through performing proper research and provide young researchers with the opportunities to develop professionally.

(a) As we build our career, we must continue to acquire new knowledge and promote intellectual development by keeping track of research results, organizing research methods and raising necessary issues voluntarily.

(b) We must be thoroughly honest to the contributions from cooperators, competitors and predecessors and utilize them for our professional development.

(c) We, as administrators, must supervise young researchers in a fair manner and, as their advisors, must assist them sincerely to grow into socially recognized members.

 

3. We respect the public values such as honesty, accuracy, efficiency and objectivity in offering services such as providing expertise or disclosing research results.

(a) When we offer service under our responsibility that involves providing professional knowledge, we must act according to professionalism as a commissioner, trying to prevent waste of resources and reporting objective facts, trustworthy data and accurate research results.

(b) We prohibit any fraudulent acts in conducting research such as fabrications, forgeries and plagiarism.

(c) We must admit our mistakes or errors when they are verified and must not try to justify them by distorting facts or data.

 

4. We do not have unfair competitions with others and solve problems with objective information and processes when there is a clash of interests.

(a) We must not distort the professional, academical qualifications of ourselves and coworkers. We must not fabricate or exaggerate our positions or authorities of the past achievements.

(b) Our papers must contain facts and no exaggeration that are contributed to media sources. When publishing a paper or a report which involves multiple researchers, we must allocate authors based on their levels of contributions and mention every person and institution that is concerned and provided assistance.

(c) We must not criticise others' achievements in an irresponsible manner by intentionally distorting their professional reputation, prospects and character in both direct and indirect ways.

(d) When a clash of interests occur, we must organize a committee composed of authoritative experts in the field and fairly solve the problem based on objective facts and data.

 

5. We raise common issues only through objective and fair methods.

(a) We must be thoroughly objective and honest when submitting expert reports or policy proposals and include relevant, sufficient and appropriate information.

(b) When addressing public issues through open debates or forums, we must provide opinions based on objective facts and data and must not cause harm to the public interest by making groundless argument or being involved in private interests with others.

(c) We must be honest when explaining our business and its advantages, and must not try to meet our interests by damaging professional honor and coordination with coworkers.

 

6. All members of The Korean Society of Ocean Engineers must abide by the ethical codes of research stated above.

 

D. The Scope of Manuscript

1. Manuscripts include papers, technical reports and commentaries, and papers must be the ones that are not released in other journals.

2. "Journals" are the ones that have an appropriate screening of submitted theses and that are published on a regular basis.

3. All manuscripts other than the ones stated in the previous clause can be submitted such as conference papers, research reports, diploma papers and academic articles, provided that their sources are stated according to the 3rd clause of The Regulations on Paper Submission in The Journal of the Korean Society of Ocean Engineers.

 

E. The Definitions and Types of Fraudulent Acts in Research

1. "Fraudulent acts in research" include all affairs that violates ethical codes of research: fabrications, forgeries, plagiarism, overlapping publications and unfair marking of writers which may occur in every phase of research process, such as in a proposal, conducting, a report or presentation of research results.

2. "Fabrication and forgeries" refers to an act of distorting the content or outcome of research by making up false data or results.

3. "Plagiarism" refers to an act of unfairly employing all research results, such as others' publications, research proposals, ideas, hypotheses and theories, without a fair approval or quotation.

4. "Overlapping publications" refers to two writings published in different media sources that are totally identical in their contents or share the major contents. It is also the case of overlapping publication where the paper published later contains a slightly different viewpoint, yet contains the same or slightly different analysis on the same data from the previous paper.

5. "Unfair marking of writers" refers to an act of unfairly gaining reputation by pretending to be a real author of a paper without any participation in research.

6. Fraudulent acts also include a behavior of intentionally disturbing investigations regarding assumed misconducts in research or inflicting an injury on an informant.

7. "Other fraudulent acts in research" refers to all affairs that are generally accepted as the violations to ethical codes of research in the academia.

 

F. Screening System, Processing Criteria and Procedure

1. Screening System

(a) Authors must submit a "consent form of delegation of copyright" which necessitates an author's confirmation on any violations to ethical codes of research.

(b) When inspectors raise question on any violations to ethical codes of research, The Committee of Ethical Codes of Research determines its/their compliance to the regulations after examining all materials concerned and giving the contributor a chance to defend him/herself.

(c) When any violations to ethical codes of research are found while screening or editing (after the insertion of a paper in an academic magazine), The Committee of Ethical Codes of Research determines its/their compliance to the regulations after giving the contributor a chance to defend him/herself.

(d) When any violations to ethical codes of research are called into question after a paper is published, The Committee of Ethical Codes of Research determines its/their compliance to the regulations after giving the contributor a chance to defend him/herself.

 

2. Processing Criteria

(a) All processing criteria regarding fraudulent acts in research follow the regulations and detailed rules for operation of The Committee of Ethical Codes of Research of this society.

 

3. Processing Procedure

(a) When any affair is determined as a violation to the ethical codes of research in the phase of submission or screening, The Editing Commission should report it to The Committee of Ethical Codes of Research.

(b) When any affair is determined as a violation to the ethical codes of research after the insertions of a paper in an academic magazine, The Committee of Ethical Codes of Research should immediately cancel its publication and notify the cancellation to the author/s

 

G. Ethical codes of Editing

1. The editor must a strong sense of ethics regarding the codes of conduct in research and in publication. Also, he/she must not have any personal interests with others in the process of edition.

2. The editor must thoroughly keep security in all matters related to the contribution of manuscripts, screening and publication.

3. The editor must be well-informed about the violations to ethical codes of research and make a neutral and impersonal judgement when he/she found any violations.

 

 

Supplementary Provisions

1. Regulations stated above are enacted after 1 Nov. 2008. For the manuscripts contributed in academic magazines before 1, Nov. 2008, the 3rd clause in "D" is not applied. Also, they are not interpreted as violations to the ethical codes of research even if they did not stated their source in the journal of this society.

2. Also, for the papers applicable to the clause "D" or "E", the writer/s can take measures such as "cancellation of a paper" based on their judgement, or "rejection of screening" if the paper is under screening.

 

1, Nov. 2008

The Korean Society of Ocean Engineers

[31, May 2007 enacted]

[1, Nov. 2008 amended]